Panchtantra Stories


Important Days


Panchtantra Stories

The Panchatantra is derived from a Sanskrit word that means “Five Principles” that are ‘Mitra Bhedha’ (Loss of Friends), ‘Mitra Laabha’ (Gaining Friends), ‘Suhrudbheda’ (Causing discord between Friends), ‘Vigraha’ (Separation) and ‘Sandhi’ (Union).

It is a legendary collection of five books of short stories from Indian culture and tradition. The original stories were written by Pandit Vishnu Sharma in the 2nd century B.C. The stories were composed aimed at imparting moral values to young children and govern skills in them. These stories are mainly based on animal stories and magic tales.

Panchatantra tales are believed to be the oldest fables from Ancient India. Panchatantra was written between the second and third century B.C. These fables have entertained and enlightened children and adults alike for centuries. Many historians believe Panchatantra to be as old as the Rig Veda. The tales were written by a learned scholar Vishnu Sharma on instructions of a king. The story pertaining to the origin of Panchatantra goes like this:-

During the ancient times, a famous king had three sons. King wanted his sons to have wisdom and knowledge so that they could run the kingdom as effectively as king himself. The king was not sure of the mental prowess of his sons so he asked a famous scholar named Pandit Vishnu Sharma to teach his sons the ways of the world. The scholar had the foresight to see low capability of the sons so he decided to pass on the wisdom in form of stories. All the stories of the book had a moral at the end. Pandit ji weaved together a collection of fascinating tales that had humans and animals who could speak like humans. The fables talk about five ways that help the human being succeed in life.

The literal meaning of Pancha is five and tantra means ways or strategies or principles. These five ways are;

Discord among friends
Gaining friends
Loss of gains and
Of crows and owls

The Panchatantra tales are popular throughout the world and have been translated in several languages. Interestingly, these fables also represent the earliest folktale form in the world of literature. The original version was written in Sanskrit language but one can find them in almost all the languages of the world. Stories are loved by children as well as adults. The moral lesson contained by each story has helped in shaping future of millions of children. The Panchatantra tales represent a strategy for getting over problems in life. No matter how advance we have become, these stories have managed to remain relevant. The tales are also available in audio and video form.

Some of the popular Panchatantra tales are:-
The geese and the tortoise
The Brahmin’s gift
The moon lake
The Foolish lion and the clever rabbit
The greedy jackal
The sage's daughter
The fox reared by the lion
The Monkey and the crocodile
The gold giving serpent
The Elephant and the sparrow
The Blue jackal
The mongoose and the farmer's wife
The day dreaming priest
The mice and the elephants
The heron and the crab
The crows and the serpent
The swan and the owl
The cat partridge and the hare

Following are some of the most popular and interesting stories from the Panchatantra :


Monkey and the Crocodile

Once upon a time there lived a monkey named Red-face on a tree by the side of the sea. The tree was an apple tree and the fruits it bore were sweet as nectar...

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Foolish Lion and the Clever Rabbit

Once upon a time there lived a ferocious lion in the forest. It was a greedy lion and started killing animals in the forest indiscriminately.

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Heron and the Crab

There was a very ancient fisherman, so poor that he could scarcely earn enough to maintain himself, his wife, and his three children. He went every day to fish betimes in the morning...

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The Gold Giving Serpent

A king had two sons. The first helped the people by working for them in a manner they understood. The second was called 'Lazy' because he was a dreamer, as far as anyone could see.

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The Musical Donkey

Once upon a time, there lived a washer man in a village. He possessed a thin donkey by the name of Udhata. The donkey used to work for the washer...

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Sisters eagerly awaits for her brother on the day of Raksha Bandhan...

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